SHARK GALLERY

Checklist of Sharks
from the Mediterranean




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Order HEXANCHIFORMES Compagno, 1973:- Cowsharks
Family HEXANCHIDAE  Gray, 1851: Six-gill and seven-gill sharks
No. Scientific name Authority Common Name
01. Heptranchias perlo (Bonnaterre, 1788). Sharpnose seven-gill shark
02. Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788). Bluntnose six-gill shark
03. Hexanchus nakamurai Teng. Sharpnose sixgill shark
Order SQUALIFORMES Compagno, 1973:- Dogfish sharks
Family ECHINORHINIDAE Gill, 1862: Bramble sharks
04. Echinorhinus brucus (Bonnaterre, 1788). Bramble shark
Family SQUALIDAE Blainville, 1816: Dogfish sharks
05. Centrophorus granulosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801). Gulper shark
06. Centrophorus uyato (Rafinesque, 1810). Little gulper shark
07. Centroscymnus coelopis (Bocage & Capello, 1864). Portuguese dogfish
08. Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre, 1810). Kitefin shark
09. Etmopterus spinax (Linnaeus, 1758). Velvet-belly
10. Somniosus rostratus (Risso, 1826). Little sleeper shark
11. Squalus acanthias (Smith & Radcliffe, 1912). Piked dogfish
12. Squalus blainvillei (Risso, 1826). Longnose spurdog
13. Isistius brasiliensis (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824). Cookiecutter shark
Family OXYNOTIDAE Gill, 1872: Roughsharks
14. Oxynotus centrina (Linnaeus, 1758). Angular roughshark
Order SQUATINIFORMES, Angelsharks
Family SQUATINIDAE Bonaparte, 1838: Angelsharks
15. Squatina squatina (Linnaeus, 1758). Angelshark
16. Squatina aculeata (Dumeril, 1829). Sawback angelshark
17. Squatina oculata (Bonaparte, 1840). Smoothback angelshark
Order LAMNIFORMES Compagno, 1973:- Mackerel sharks
Family ODONTASPIDIDAE Müller & Henle, 1839: Sandtiger sharks
18. Carcharias taurus (Rafinesque, 1810). Sandtiger or grey nurse shark
19. Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810). Smalltooth sandtiger
Family CETORHINIDAE Gill, 1862: Basking Sharks
20. Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765). Basking shark
Family LAMNIDAE Müller & Henle, 1838: White, Mako and Mackerel sharks
21. Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758). Great white shark
22. Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810. Shortfin mako
23. Isurus paucus Guitart-Manday, 1966. Longfin mako
24. Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788). Porbeagle
Family ALOPIIDAE Bonaparte, 1838: Thresher sharks
25. Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788). Thresher shark
26. Alopias superciliosus (Lowe, 1839). Bigeye thresher shark
Order CARCHARHINIFORMES Compagno, 1973:- Ground sharks
Family SCYLIORHINIDAE Gill, 1862: Catsharks
27. Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810. Blackmouth catshark
28. Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758). Smallspotted catshark
29. Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus, 1758). Nursehound
Family HEMIGALEIDAE Hasse, 1879: Weasel sharks
30. Paragaleus pectoralis (Garman, 1906). Atlantic weasel shark (?possible)
Family LEPTOCHARIIDAE Gray, 1851: Barbeled houndsharks
31. Leptocharias smithii (Müller & Henle, 1839). Barbeled houndshark (?possible)
Family TRIAKIDAE Gray, 1851: Houndsharks
32. Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758). Schoolshark or tope
33. Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1821. Starry smoothhound
34. Mustelus mustelus (Linnaeus, 1758). Smoothhound
35. Mustelus punctulatus (Risso, 1826). Blackspot smoothhound
Family CARCHARHINIDAE Jordan & Evermann, 1896: Requiem sharks
36. Carcharhinus brevipinna (Müller & Henle, 1839). Spinner shark
37. Carcharhinus falciformis (Bibron, 1839). Silky shark
38. Carcharhinus brachyurus (Gunther, 1870). Copper shark
39. Carcharhinus limbatus (Valenciennes, 1839). Blacktip shark
40. Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824). Blacktip reef shark
41. Carcharhinus obscurus (Lesueur, 1818). Dusky shark
42. Carcharhinus altimus (Springer, 1950). Bignose shark
43. Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827). Sandbar shark
44. Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758). Blue shark
45. Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861). Oceanic whitetip shark (?possible)
46. Carcharhinus leucas (Valenciennes, 1839). Bull shark (?possible)
47. Galeocerdo cuvier (Peron & Lesueur, 1822). Tiger shark (?possible)
48. Rhizoprionodon acutus (Ruppell, 1837). Milk shark (?possible)
Family SPHYRNIDAE Gill, 1872: Hammerhead sharks
49. Sphyrna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834). Scalloped hammerhead
50. Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758). Smooth hammerhead
51. Sphyrna tudes (Valenciennes, 1822). Smalleye hammerhead
52. Sphyrna couardi Cadenat, 1950. Whitefin hammerhead
53. Sphyrna mokarran (Ruppell, 1837). Great hammerhead
FAUNAL SYNOPSIS, August 1997
Order Hexanchiformes: 3 Order Squaliformes: 11
Order Squatiniformes: 3 Order Lamniformes: 9
Order Carcharhiniformes: 21 CONFIRMED TOTAL: 47
Unconfirmed: 6 Possible Total: 53
Species exceeding 300cm TL: 16 Species potentially dangerous: 15

The Shark Trust, 36 Kingfisher Court, Hambridge Road, Newbury, Berkshire, RG14 5SJ, UK.
Ian K. Ferguson, Truste









Since 15-May-2001

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